In studies on all fire incidents, they have discovered that most of the fires are not that severe and can be handled easily, that is, if the present of a fire extinguisher is immediately available in the area, as this extinguishing instrument will be a vital first line of defense in quenching out the fire and preventing it from further spreading into other areas of an establishment and causing further damage and destruction. In general, it is a known fact that with the presence of a fire extinguisher, the mere presence or ignition of a small fire can be easily diminished to a point of extinction by a fire extinguisher, which is many times promoted and advocated by the National Fire Protection Association and the local fire department, especially during the fire prevention month.
As part of their mission goals to educate the public on fire prevention and safety, the local fire departments would collaborate with schools, government and business establishments and provide videos for media to show and even using social media, to plainly instruct people on how to extinguish fire using a fire extinguisher and, therefore, making people realize on the importance of preventing fire damage through the presence of a fire extinguisher. Schools and business establishments, fully understanding the need to educate about fire prevention and safety, go out of their way to collaborate with the local fire department so that fire drills are annually undertaken and the people concerned get to have a hands-on experience to learn how and when to use the fire extinguisher. With respect to the effect on environment when there is an existing fire, the significance of using a fire extinguisher to control and stop fires has also contributed in limiting the amount of pollution brought about by the smoke and burning debris during a fire situation.
The fire department does not only educate people on the use of fire extinguisher, but that it also informs them on the different types of fire extinguishers and where each type is effectively useful and these are the following: wet chemical extinguisher, carbon dioxide extinguisher, water fire extinguisher, powder fire extinguisher, and foam extinguisher. Wet chemical extinguishers are used for extinguishing fires that are caused by oil-based components and, therefore, a water fire extinguisher will be ineffective in this situation since water does not mix with oil, but a water fire extinguisher is most helpful to stop fires that are caused by flammable substances such as paper, wood, organic materials. It is not possible to extinguish fires, using water fire extinguisher, that are caused by electrical break outs, such as short circuits or faulty wiring, but instead what is effective to stop this type of fire situation is to use a carbon dioxide extinguisher. The foam fire extinguisher is useful for fires that are coming from flammable liquids and solids, but not effective for electrical fires, so a more effective extinguisher, the powder fire extinguisher, is used to deal with fires that are caused by flammable liquids, solids, gases as well as electric fires.